(location) ancient homeland – the places from which Māori migrated to Aotearoa/New Zealand. According to some traditions it was Io, the supreme being, who created Hawaiki-nui, Hawaiki-roa, Hawaiki-pāmamao and Hawaiki-tapu, places inhabited by ancestors. It is believed that the wairua returns to these places after death, and speeches at funerals refer to these as the final resting place of wairua.

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